- Duration 6-7 hrs, by minivan (up to 5 people)
- Price per tour 155€.
City of Częstochowa is located 150 km north west of Kraków. It is known for Jasna Góra (Bright Mount) Monastery which houses a very famous miraculous painting of the Virgin Mary commonly called the Black Madonna.
It is regarded the most popular pilgrimage site in Poland for 600 years. 4 million Catholic pilgrims from many countries all over the world went to the shrine in 2017.
Its history goes back to the end of the 14th century. It was founded in 1382 by the Pauline monks from Buda, Hungary who were invited to Poland by Duke Władysław of Opole.
Our Lady of Częstochowa icon depicts Mary, the Mother of God with Christ Child on her hand. According to tradition it was painted by St. Luke on the table top from the house of the Holy Family.
Two scars visible on the right cheek of Our Lady were made by the Hussite attackers in 1430.
The monastery withstood the Swedish attack in the middle of the 17th century. The Swedish army conquered the whole territory of Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania except The Black Madonna Shrine. The monatery was defended by 250 Polish soldiers and monks against 4 thousend invading Swedish forces for 40 days.
After defeating the enemy the Virgin Mary was proclaimed Queen of Poland for protecting the country in hard times.
Three popes paid visit to the shrine – John Pual II in 1997 and 2002, Benedict XVI in 2007 and Francis in 2016.